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History Of The English Language Research Paper

Presentation on theme: "The History of the English Language"— Presentation transcript:

1 The History of the English Language
Research paper

2 Copy this thesis on to a card
Copy this thesis on to a card. It is the last sentence of your introduction.The English language developed over a long period of time and is divided into three periods: Old English, Middle English, and Modern English (Beers, 55).and M

3 Standard1.2 Understand the most important points in the history of English language and use common word origins to determine the historical influences on English word meanings.

4 Choosing a website .Org (non-profit) .Edu (education)
.gov (government)Better than .comGoogle I feel lucky

5 Research QuestionHow did the English language develop and why is it the largest in the world?

6 Thesis StatementThe English language developed over a long period of time and may divided into three periods: Old, Middle, and Modern English.

7 etymologyThe study of word origins or the history of a word(

8 Map of Europe

9 England

10 The Celts Old English #1 Celtic language first in Britain.
Scots, Irish, Welsh descendants of Celtic

11 Romans: Julius CeasarThey spoke Latin; He conquered, but they did not leave their language since Rome was falling.Romance Languages: French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian.

12 #1 Old English begins when the Anglos, Saxons, Jutes invade England in 500 A.D. (Light History)
Old English is an Anglo-Saxon Germanic language

13 Old English Source #3 A.D. 450-1066
In the 5th century, the tribes of Anglo-Saxons from Northern Europe arrived in Britain. They found a Celtic speaking people who had earlier been conquered by the Romans. They combined their Germanic language with the Celtic and started to form a new language (Beers, 55). Old English continued on the next slide.

14 #3 Old English Continued (p. 55)
A.DThen the Vikings or Norsemen who spoke Norse arrived from Scandinavia. These languages (Celtic, Anglo-Saxon Germanic, Norse) formed Old English, an oral language.Mostly one syllable wordsThe written language was Latin.Horse, Night and Wife are O.E.(Beers, 55)

15 #3 Old English Continued (p. 55)
A.DThen the Vikings or Norsemen who spoke Norse arrived from Scandinavia came. These languages formed Old English, an oral language.The written language was Latin.Horse, Night and Wife are O.E.(Beers, 55)

16 Beowulf, an Old English Epic Poem Source #1
Most famous work of Old English literature

17 Source 1(Light History)
Almost every one syllable word we speak is from Anglo Saxon GermanOld English AD

18 Middle English ADIn 1066, William the Conqueror from Normandy, France invades England.

19 William the Conqueror from Normandy, France

20 The Norman Conquest/ The Battle of Hastings

21 England becomes bilingual during Middle English
English: ox, sheep, swine, calfFrench: beef, mutton, pork, vealThe rich and upper class spoke French Latin, but the lower class spoke Anglo-Saxon German (Beers, 55).

22 Middle English #3Three words that survive today from French/Latin Middle English are government, justice, and literature (Beers, 55).

23 Chaucer was a 14th century author of The Canterbury Tales written in Middle English

24 Caxton invented the Printing Press in 1476

25 Modern English is 1500 to present
Renaissance was the rebirth of interest Greek and Roman art, literatureAstro-starNaut-sailorAstronaut

26 Modern English Great vowel shift
In Middle English the last vowel of a word was emphasized, but in Modern English, the first vowel is typically stressed.

27 William ShakespeareUsed 21,500 different words3,000 invented words

28 Shakespeare invented:
Words Shakespeare InventedAcademe accused addiction advertising amazement arouse assassination backing bandit bedroom beached besmirch birthplace blanket bloodstained barefaced blushing bet bump buzzer caked cater champion circumstantial

29 Shakespeare invented these
Coldblooded compromise courtship countless critic dauntless dawn deafening discontent dishearten drugged dwindle epileptic equivocal elbow excitement exposure eyeball fashionable fixture flawed frugal generous gloomy gossip green eyed gust hint hob nob hurried impede impartial invulnerable jaded label lackluster laughable lonely

30 ShakespeareLower luggage lustrous madcap majestic marketable metamorphize mimic monumental moonbeam mountaineer negotiate noiseless obscene obsequiously ode olympian outbreak panders pedant premeditated puking radiance rant remorse less savagery scuffle secure skim milk submerge summit swagger torture tranquil undress unreal varied vaulting worthless zany gnarled grovel

31 King James Bible 1604

32 1755 Johnson’s Dictionary

33 Johnson’s Dictionary helped standardize spelling

34 GoodGood, gode, guod, guode, goode, goed, gowd, godd, guid guide, gud, gwde, guyd, gewd7 years in the making. This dictionary helped standardize spelling.

35 Source #1Engel, Elliot. A Light History of the English Language. Raleigh: Media Consultants, 1997

36 Etymology- the history of a word or word origin
Source # 2Etymology- the history of a word or word origin

37 Source # 3Works CitedBeers, Kylene. Holt Literature and Language Arts. Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2001.

For this course, you are required to write a 5-page research paper about the origin and evolution of a word of your choosing.  In order to successfully create and support a thesis statement, you will need to use many of the Library's online resources.  This LibGuide is intended to help serve as a research gateway for this assignment. 

Definition of acronyms:

OED = The Oxford English Dictionary

EEBO = Early English Books Online

ECCO = Eighteenth Century Collections Online

NCCO = Nineteenth Century Collections Online

USING THIS GUIDE:  I recommend that you use the tabs in the order that they are arranged.  You should start with the OED tab, then move to the EEBO tab, and then to Artemis, etc.  Each tab builds on the one prior to it.

Please don't forget that you may always ask a librarian for help!

Connecting to the databases from off-campus

If you will be connecting to the databases from off-campus, please use the following links:

  • Oxford English Dictionary

    The Oxford English Dictionary is the definitive historical dictionary of the English language. This mammoth dictionary includes English language words from 1150 CE to the present day.

  • Early English Books Online

    Early English Books seeks to be a comprehensive collection of all books, pamphlets and broadsides published in the English language in any country from earliest times through 1700. This includes books on philosophy, religion, science, politics, exploration and poetry, prose and drama. Contains over 96,000 titles -- 230 years of English printing.

  • Gale Primary Sources

    21 primary source collections are cross-searchable, including NCCO, ECCO, 19th century British and U.S. newspapers, the Economist, Daily Mail, Illustrated London, Financial Times and the (London) Times archives.

  • ECCO (Eighteenth Century Collections Online)

    Eighteenth Century Collections Online digitally captures this influential period and provides new research opportunities in ways previously unavailable. Eighteenth Century Collections Online includes a variety of materials -- from books and directories, Bibles, sheet music and sermons to advertisements -- and works by many well-known and lesser-known authors.

  • Nineteenth Century Collections Online

    19th Century Collections Online is a multi-year global digitization and publishing program focusing on archival collections of primary sources providing full-text, fully searchable content. Collection is in both Western and non-Western languages.

  • 17th and 18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers

    The Reverend Charles Burney (1757-1817) collection represents the largest and most comprehensive collection of early English news media. Collection includes newspapers, pamphlets and books of approximately 1,270 titles.

  • British Library Newspapers

    Includes British national and regional newspapers between 1741-1950 including those from the Midlands, as well as Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Special attention is given to newspapers that helped lead particular political and social movements like Home Rule.

  • Early American Newspapers (1690-1922)

    Early American Newspapers features cover-to-cover reproductions of hundreds of historic newspapers, providing more than one million pages as fully text-searchable facsimile images. Based largely on Clarence Brigham's "History and Bibliography of American Newspapers,1690-1820".

  • National Newspapers (Current) (Full Text)

    National Newspapers via ProQuest provides current full text access to some popular publications like Christian Science Monitor and the New York Times.