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Self Managed Learning Essay Writing

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Self Managed Learning

Introduction

The principle of personal and professional development is dependent upon the self-managed learning and the self-assessment process. If an individual has certain aspects within the personality trait, then it helps on the ground of gaining the advantage of lifelong learning and achieving the goals in the long run. Here the role of self-managed learning has been reflected for both organizations and the company. Further, its benefits have also taken into special consideration.

1.1 Evaluate approaches to self-managed learning.

Self managed learning is a technique in which a person or an individual is attentive or committed towards increasing his competency particularly in the field or job profile in which he is dedicated to gain the height of success. There are various approaches to the self-managed learning that could be adopted by an individual.   The main approach which encourages for the self-managed learning is the visionary approach. If an individual has a visionary approach, then it enable a person to understand the future trends and the self-managed learning could be developed. Through visionary approach the future requirements could be identified by the person and competency could be raised accordingly (Lopper, 2007). Goals were setting are another very valid strategy for the self-managed learning. The only different between setting the goal and visionary approach is that in visionary approach the future trend is heavier and in setting the goal the individual is predetermined towards particular aspect. The visionary approach always makes a person a flexible person which is another very significant strategy for the self-managed learning. Being an Opportunistic is another very significant approach for the self-managed learning. If a person is an opportunist, he or she can increase the level of their learning at colossal scale. The friends, teachers, environmental situations and parents, etc. anyone could be their teacher, and they can learn the relevant aspects of their surroundings. Thus, the opportunistic is one of the major approaches which develop the sense of respect towards other as well. At the same juncture, it could be stated that that these approaches of self-managed to contribute in both professional as well as personal learning (Morgenstern, 2004). Within the travel and tourism sector, these approaches could be helpful in increasing the level of confidence and motivation.

1.2  Ways in which lifelong learning in personal and professional context could be encouraged.

There are various ways through which the personal, as well as professional learning, could be encouraged by an individual. To encourage, the lifelong learning an individual can rely on setting the long term and short term goal which encourages an individual to get an edge over his skills and potentials, and the scope of lifelong learning could be increased. The long term or the short term goal provides the direction to an individual, and the path of lifelong learning remains open for the longer period. The sector of travel and tourism is very dynamic and interesting thus this element can also enable a person to get stick to the lifelong learning.  A research has shown that psychological challenge or the work pressure increase the learning capacity and encourage them to get indulge in the continuous learning process. However it is a natural scenario, but an individual can set a challenge for himself that can motivate him to focus on lifelong learning. This technique can result in developing the learning attitude. Putting oneself into the healthy competition is another way or technique that could be treated as an excellent and result oriented alternative for the purpose of encouraging the lifelong learning (Koprowska, 2010). Here the healthy competition is a significant term which could determine the personal development as well on the ground of becoming the genuine competition and envy free colleague. Therefore, these techniques could be immensely beneficial in the context of stimulating the attitude of lifelong learning in personal as well professional context.

1.3  Evaluate the benefits of self managed learning for both organizations and individuals.

Benefits to the organization

The major benefit that could be availed by the organization is that they get highly responsible and dedicated person who are capable of handling the higher authorities and important and crucial duties could be passed on to them. The travel and tourism sector can get the employees are dynamic and have a wide range of knowledge and intellect from various fields. Thus, the company can rely upon them, and they can become the part of decision-making process. Ahead if the company has a high number of employees who have self-managed learning attitude then their competency could be increased as they can establish their brand as the market leader (Back and et. al., 2003). The innovation could be high, and most importantly they can prove their brand name as innovative. Further, these kinds of employees could be promoted within the organization, and they can act as role model for other employees, and it can encourage other employees to get indulges into the development of self-managed learning attitude. Thus, these are certain benefits of self-managed learning that could be availed by the organization.

Benefits to the individuals

The major benefit for individuals is that can attain their set examples which they have set at a certain phase of life. Further, the competitiveness could also increase by such kind of individuals who have self-managed learning attitude. They can claim to get highest positions within the organizations. Their intellect could be increased, and most importantly the increment in confidence could also make them more capable and full of opportunities as compare to their competitors. The major benefit that could be availed by the individuals that their growth rate could be at its peak, and the margin of errors within the personal, as well as professional life, could be minimized (Self-managed learning, 2013). Thus, the improvements could be reflected in both personal and professional areas which could be treated as biggest advantage of self-managed learning for the individuals.

References

Back, D. and et. al., 2003. Interpersonal Skills in Organizations with Management Skill Booster Passcard. McGraw-Hill Higher Education.

Koprowska, J., 2010. Communication and Interpersonal Skills in Social Work. 3rd. ed. SAGE.

Lopper, J., 2007. Personal Development: 40 Best Articles. Lulu.com

Morgenstern, J., 2004. Time Management from the Inside Out. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

Self managed learning, 2013. [Online]. Available through: <http://www.selfmanagedlearning.org/about-sml/>. [Accessed on: 26th June 2015].

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Learning independently can be challenging, even for the brightest and most motivated students. As a means of better understanding the processes involved in this mode of study, this Teaching Tip outlines key components of four key stages to independent learning, known as self-directed learning: being ready to learn, setting learning goals, engaging in the learning process, and evaluating learning.

Step 1: Assess readiness to learn

Students need various skills and attitudes towards learning for successful independent study. This step involves students conducting a self-evaluation of their current situation, study habits, family situation, and support network both at school and at home and also involves evaluating past experiences with independent learning. For a detailed Learning Skills Assessment Tool, read our Readiness to Learn Teaching Tip. Signs of readiness for self-directed learning include being autonomous, organised, self-disciplined, able to communicate effectively, and able to accept constructive feedback and engage in self-evaluation and self­-reflection.

Step 2: Set learning goals

Communication of learning goals between a student and the advising instructor is critical. We've developed a set of questions for students to consider as they map out their learning goals: our Unit Planning Decision Guide). Also critical in developing a clear understanding of learning goals between students and instructors are learning contracts. Learning contracts generally include:

  • Goals for the unit of study
  • Structure and sequence of activities
  • Timeline for completion of activities
  • Details about resource materials for each goal
  • Details about grading procedures
  • Feedback and evaluation as each goal is completed
  • Meeting plan with the advising instructor
  • Agreement of unit policies, such as a policy on late assignments

Once created, contracts should be assessed by the advising faculty member and questions about feasibility should be raised (e.g., What could go wrong? Is there too much or too little work? Is the timeline and evaluation reasonable?).

Step 3: Engage in the learning process

Students need to understand themselves as learners in order to understand their needs as self-directed learning students — referring students to our resource on learning preferences may be helpful. Students should also consider answering the following questions:

  • What are my needs re: instructional methods?
  • Who was my favourite teacher? Why?
  • What did they do that was different from other teachers? Students should reflect on these questions throughout their program and substitute “teacher” with “advising instructor”

Students also need to understand their approach to studying:

  • A deep approach to studying involves transformation and is ideal for self-directed learning. This approach is about understanding ideas for yourself, applying knowledge to new situations and using novel examples to explain a concept, and learning more than is required for unit completion.
  • A surface approach involves reproduction: coping with unit requirements, learning only what is required to complete a unit in good standing, and tending to regurgitate examples and explanations used in readings.
  • A strategic approach involves organization: achieving the highest possible grades, learning what is required to pass exams, memorizing facts, and spending time practicing from past exams.

Earlier academic work may have encouraged a surface or strategic approach to studying. These approaches will not be sufficient (or even appropriate) for successful independent study. Independent study requires a deep approach to studying, in which students must understand ideas and be able to apply knowledge to new situations. Students need to generate their own connections and be their own motivators.

Step 4: Evaluate learning

For students to be successful in self-directed learning, they must be able to engage in self-reflection and self-evaluation of their learning goals and progress in a unit of study. To support this self-evaluation process, they should:

  • regularly consult with the advising instructor,
  • seek feedback, and
  • engage in reflection of their achievements, which involves asking:
    • How do I know I’ve learned?
    • Am I flexible in adapting and applying knowledge?
    • Do I have confidence in explaining material?
    • When do I know I’ve learned enough?
    • When is it time for self-reflection and when is it time for consultation with the advising faculty member?

Responsibilities in the four-step process

Successful independent study requires certain responsibilities or roles of both students and advising faculty members. The following is a brief list of the more important roles. It is useful for both students and advising faculty members to periodically review this list and communicate as to whether each feels the other is fulfilling their share of the responsibility.

Students’ roles

  • Self-assess your readiness to learn
  • Define your learning goals and develop a learning contract
  • Monitor your learning process
  • Take initiative for all stages of the learning process — be self-motivated 
  • Re-evaluate and alter goals as required during your unit of study
  • Consult with your advising instructor as required

Advising instructors’ roles

  • Build a co-operative learning environment
  • Help to motivate and direct the students’ learning experience
  • Facilitate students’ initiatives for learning
  • Be available for consultations as appropriate during the learning process
  • Serve as an advisor rather than a formal instructor

Resources

CTE teaching tips

Other resources

  • Graves, N. (Ed.) (1993). Learner managed learning: Practice, theory, and policy. Leeds: AW Angus & Co. Limited.
  • Hammond, M. & Collins, R. (1991). Self-directed learning: Critical practice. London: Kogan Page Limited.
  • Hiemstra, R. Self-directed web portal.
  • Kim, R., Olfman, L., Ryan, T., & Eryilmaz, E. (2014). Leveraging a personalized system to improve self-directed learning in online educational environments. Computers & Education, 70, 150-160.
  • Knowles, M.vS. (1986). Using learning contracts: Practical approaches to individualizing and structuring learning. London: Jossey-Bass Publications.
  • Simpson, O. (2000). Supporting students in open and distant learning. London: Kogan Page Limited. 
  • Tait, J. & Knight, P. (1996). The management of independent learning.London: Kogan Page Limited.